What is the boiling time for shiitake mushrooms
Boil shiitake mushrooms for 3 to 4 minutes in a small amount of water (200 ml of water per 1 kg of mushrooms).
How to cook Shiitake soup
Rice noodle - a half of package
Chicken breast - 250 grams
Vegetable broth - 2 liters
Butter - 15 grams
Bell pepper – 0.5
Carrot - 1
Shiitake mushrooms - 25 grams
Grinded ginger - 0.5 tablespoon
Miso paste - 50 grams
How to cook Shiitake soup
1. Soak shiitake in small quantity of water.
2. Cut shiitake mushrooms into small slices.
3. Peel carrot and slice it finely.
4. Wash pepper, slice it finely.
5. Wash chicken breast and cut into strips.
6. Melt butter in a frying pan and roast the chicken breast on it.
7. Add to broth: chicken breast, vegetable and mushrooms.
8. Cook the soup for 15 minutes.
9. Season the soup with miso paste and ground ginger.
10. Cook noodle in another pot.
11. Add noodle to the soup.
12. Let the soup stay for ten minutes.
- Shiitake are forest mushrooms originated from the southern regions of China and Japan. The mushroom grows on the trees (maple, alder, oak). This mushroom especially likes chestnut tree (Shii tree) from which it takes its name.
- Price for dried shiitake mushrooms is 273 rubles for 150 grams (an average price in Moscow on June 2016).
- The beneficial properties of shiitake are known from the ancient times. People started to use this mushroom in Chinese medicine from the XIV century. The first references to this product date back to 199 year BC. Thanks to its universal healing properties this mushroom was called as the king of mushrooms in China and Japan. Shiitake are used either in traditional medicine and in various medications aimed at treatment of infectious, cardiovascular diseases, malignancy and many others.
- Universal healing properties of shiitake contain substance called lentinan (polysaccharide which nowadays is included almost in all medicaments used to treat malignant tumors).
- Shiitake looks a bit strange and has a very dark colour thanks to which it is also called black mushroom. People in China and Japan call it "elixir of life" thanks to its healing properties. The name "Black Chinese mushroom" is popular in Europe.
- Calorific value of 100 grams of shiitake: 34 kcal for raw mushrooms, 39 kcal for roasted and 296 kcal for dried mushrooms.
- Shiitake use has contradictions. Some individual can have allergy reaction to shiitake mushrooms such as skin rash. Shiitake and medications with it are contradicted for people with kidney disease, violation of salt disorder, patients with bronchial asthma, pregnant women and children under 12 years old.
- Fresh shiitake have typical aroma of wood and peculiar, slightly sour taste. Dried mushrooms have more strong smell. Dried shiitake should be soaked before use. Mushroom caps are usually used in cooking, since stripe are somewhat hard.
- Shiitake look like our familiar saffron milk cap, but too much darker. The best grade of shiitake is called "winter mushroom" of Donko. For its unique pattern on the cap it is called "flowery shiitake".